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Havana Heritage Tour

Country: Cuba
City: Havana
Duration: 1 Day(s) - 0 Night(s)
Tour Category: Heritage Tours
Departure Date: Thu 01 Jan '99

Package Itinerary

Havana is the most important city in Cuba. It is its political, cultural, and economic center and its capital. A big wealth has been used on the restoration of the city, a process that began two decades before it was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in December 1982.

Visiting the old Havana we can enjoy the cobblestone streets, dark limestone buildings, old churches, and squares. In the case of the new Havana, which is much bigger, it is visited by car.

HERITAGE IN HAVANA:

Cuba had its first site included on the list at the 6th Session of World Heritage Committee, held at UNESCO headquarters in Paris, France, in December 1982. At that session, "Old Havana and its Fortifications", a site including the central, historic portion of the Cuban capital of Havana, as well as Spanish colonial fortifications, was inscribed on the list.

Havana was founded in 1519 by Spanish colonists, growing to become one of the Caribbean's primary shipbuilding centers by the 17th century. The old city was built in the Baroque and Neoclassical styles. Historical landmarks in Old Havana include La Cabaña, the Cathedral of Havana, and the Great Theatre of Havana.

The city of Trinidad was founded in the early 16th century. In 1518, Hernán Cortés began his expedition to conquer Mexico from the port at Trinidad. The city prospered throughout the colonial period in large part due to the success of the local sugar industry. The adjacent Valley de Los Ingenios was the origin of the Cuban sugar industry, which emerged in the 18th century. It is home to numerous cane sugar mills, as well as cattle ranches and tobacco plantations.

The large fort was built to defend the important port of Santiago de Cuba. The design of the fortification was based on Italian and Renaissance architecture. The complex of magazines, bastions, and batteries is one of the most complete and well-preserved Spanish-American defense fortifications.

The national park is named for the yacht which carried Fidel Castro, Raúl Castro, Che Guevara, and the other 79 members of the 26th of July Movement to Cuba to overthrow Fulgencio Batista. The park features a unique karst topography with features such as terraces, cliffs, and waterfalls.

The village of Viñales was founded in 1875 after the expansion of tobacco cultivation in the surrounding valley. The Valley features karst topography, vernacular architecture, and traditional cultivation methods. The Valley was also the site of various military engagements in the Cuban War of Independence and the Cuban Revolution.

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